The Matterhorn (Italian: Monte Cervino) peak has an elevation of 14,700 ft
(4,480 m). It is located in the Pennine Alps near the Swiss town of
Zermatt, close to the Italian-Swiss border. Its distinctive pyramidal
peak was formed by the enlargement of several cirques. It was first
scaled in 1865 by Edward Whymper,
an English mountaineer.